GK & Current Affairs!

CURRENT AFFAIRS - HEALTH J P Nadda asks Red Cross members to actively participate in Mission Indradhanush | 31-Aug-2016 15:29

Union Health Minister J P Nadda has asked members of the Red Cross to actively participate in its deworming initiative and Mission Indradhanush which is a special drive to vaccinate children. Speaking in New Delhi yesterday, Mr Nadda also stressed on the need to enhance the quality of first aid training for strengthening service delivery.

He said the Mission Indradhanush, depicting seven colours of the rainbow, provides vaccination for seven preventable diseases namely- diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and Hepatitis B. The Minister said, 2 crore 70 lakh children are born every year and nearly 90 lakh of them are not immunised.

Mr Nadda said, His ministry has been able to provide total immunisation to 54 lakh children and 55 lakh mothers.The India Red Cross can play a very important role in the deworming initiative of the government that aims to protect more than 24 crore children between the ages of 1-19 years.



ARTIFICIAL PANCREAS – A boon to Diabetic patients | 08-Jul-2016 20:37

A portable artificial pancreas built with a modified iPhone successfully regulated blood sugar levels in a trial with people who have Type 1 diabetes, researchers have reported.

Type 1 diabetes, which usually starts in childhood or young adulthood, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, the hormone that lowers blood sugar levels. Insulin works in conjunction with glucagon, a hormone that raises blood sugar. Together, they keep blood sugar in a healthy range.

The artificial pancreas is the latest version of a device that researchers have been refining for several years.

The system consists of an iPhone 4S with an attached glucose monitoring device,
two pumps, and reservoirs for insulin and glucagon.

A sensor implanted under the skin on one side of the patient’s abdomen measures the glucose in the fluid between the cells, which corresponds closely to blood glucose levels.

The sensor delivers the reading to the smartphone, and the phone’s software
calculates a dose of insulin and glucagon every five minutes.  

Currently about one-third of people with Type 1 diabetes rely on insulin pumps to regulate blood sugar. They eliminate the need for injections and can be programmed to mimic the natural release of insulin by dispensing small doses regularly.

But these pumps do not automatically adjust to the patient’s variable insulin needs, and they do not dispense glucagon. The new device, described in a report in The New England Journal  Of Medicine, dispenses both hormones, and it does so with little intervention from the patient.

Kerala Govt to ban e-cigarettes | 07-Jul-2016 17:45

Kerala government has decided to ban 'electronic cigarette' in view of studies claiming that its use can cause various health issues, including cancer and heart ailments.E-cigarettes are handy devices that emit doses of vaporised nicotine.
State health minister K K Shylajaon Thursday directed the additional chief secretary (health) to issue an order banning the production, sale and advertisement of 'electronic cigarette' alias 'e-cigarette'.

An official release here today said that there were media reports that the e-cigarette market was flourishing in Kerala targeting youth and children.
The state drugs enforcement authorities had also found that the device is widely used for smoking ganja, hashish and other narcotic substance.

It was also found that use of E-cigarettes among children would result in indiscriminate use of original cigarettes and other substances in the long run, it said.
A series of studies conducted in the US and Japan has proved that the usage of e-cigarette would cause cancer and heart ailments.
The e-cigarettes are being marketed in Kerala through unauthorised courier services and online sites, it said.
An expert committee appointed by the Centre to study the ill effects of e-cigarette had recommended banning the device in the country in 2014 itself, the release said, adding that the Indian Medical Association was also in favour of banning it.