GK & Current Affairs!

CURRENT AFFAIRS - BILLS AND ACTS Panel to draft data protection Bill | 02-Aug-2017 15:43
  • Member of Parliament Baijayant “Jay” Panda tabled the Data (Privacy and Protection) Bill, 2017 in the Lok Sabha recently, proposing the right to privacy as a fundamental right for Indian citizens
  • Previously the Supreme Court interpreted that Article 21 does not contain the right to privacy. Keeping in light the need to secure private citizens’ data, Panda’s private member bill is a welcome step but one that will have to stand legal scrutiny
  • The bill follows a rights-based approach and mandates the consent of an individual for collection and processing of personal data
  • The bill accommodates the production of an end client confronting position of information assurance officer for grievance redressal, with an arrangement for offer to the Data Privacy and Protection Authority (DPPA)

UIDAI’s Stand

  • UIDAI, the nodal agency for the implementation of Aadhaar, said privacy is not a fundamental right; privacy is subjective and dependent on human behaviour.
  • Any attempt by the court to probe it in the status of a fundamental right would damage the nation and stymie the government’s efforts for good governance

UIDAI

  • The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is an agency of the Government of India responsible for implementing the Aadhaar Identities. The agency was established in January-2009, and owns and operates the Unique Identities database. The Unique Identification Authority of India had been established under the Planning Commission by an executive order.
  • The agency provides a unique identification number to all persons resident in India on voluntary basis. The agency maintains a database of residents containing biometric and other data, and is headed by a chairman, who holds a cabinet rank.
  • UIDAI is the Registrar of Identities i.e. it registers, assigns and verifies the unique identities. It is supposed to register two types of unique identities:
  •      Residents of India (called Aadhaar)
  • Corporate entities (Corporate-UID) for company, bank, NGO, trust, political party etc.: Corporate-UID has been provisioned within 12-digit UID number system. Corporate-UID is supposed to produce the similar effect as Aadhaar for corporate entities i.e. identification and traceability of transactions. It is supposed to bring transparency on financial transactions, donations; and to prevent corruption, money laundering, benami transactions (i.e. under a fictitious name), allocation of natural resources like land, spectrum, mining of sand, iron-ore, coal-blocks, etc
maternity benefit act | 11-Mar-2017 11:50

The Lok Sabha has passed the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Bill, 2016. The Bill had already been passed by the Rajya Sabha during the Winter Session.

There are some amendments in maternity benefit act,1961:

Maternity leave available to the working women to be increased from 12 weeks to 26 weeks for the first two children.

Maternity leave for children beyond the first two will continue to be 12 weeks.

The employer may permit a woman to work from home if it is possible to do so.

Every establishment will be required to make these benefits available to the women from the time of her appointment.

 

Tejaswini project | 01-Mar-2017 11:44

Tejaswini project launched in Jharkand,India for socio economic welfare of the adolescent girls and young women age between 14 to 24 to complete their higher secondary education and aquire relevant skills about job market

This is the first World Bank project in India that is solely focused on the welfare of adolescent girls and young women

 

It seeks to empower adolescent girls with basic life skills to acquire market driven skill training or completion of secondary education, depending on the inclination of the beneficiary. Its three main components ar

Read more at: http://currentaffairs.gktoday.in/
It seeks to empower adolescent girls with basic life skills to acquire market driven skill training or completion of secondary education, depending on the inclination of the beneficiary. Its three main components ar

Read more at: http://currentaffairs.gktoday.in/
It seeks to empower adolescent girls with basic life skills to acquire market driven skill training or completion of secondary education, depending on the inclination of the beneficiary. Its three main components ar

Read more at: http://currentaffairs.gktoday.in/
It seeks to empower adolescent girls with basic life skills to acquire market driven skill training or completion of secondary education, depending on the inclination of the beneficiary. Its three main components ar

Read more at: http://currentaffairs.gktoday.in/
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